Vietnam has officially ratified the Paris Agreement, which came into force worldwide on Friday, the environment ministry confirmed. The general conditions for the implementation of the NDC and the Paris Agreement in Vietnam have been improved. These contribute to an ambitious medium- and long-term climate policy of the Vietnamese government. The pilot activities highlight measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve resilience to the adverse effects of climate change. The target groups also benefit socially and environmentally. The second focused on the use of energy efficiency and solar energy measures in the textile industry. They also have the potential to increase competitiveness, create jobs, ensure energy security and the efficient use of resources, and reduce pollution in the country. Vietnam is extremely vulnerable to climate change due to its long crossing of the coastline and numerous estuaries. That is why the country is developing a policy that is committed to taking action to combat climate change. Mitigation objectives and adaptation priorities are formulated in national contributions (NDCs). Vietnam also quickly ratified the Paris Agreement and was one of the first countries to develop an action plan for the concrete implementation of the agreement.
This plan sets out specific measures, responsibilities and assistance requirements. However, the country still lacks concrete implementation experience. Vietnam`s Ministry of Mineral Resources and Environment (MONRE) is responsible for inter-ministerial cooperation in the implementation of national climate change targets. Governance and legal issues need to be clarified, not least because vietnam`s internationally communicated climate targets have not yet been incorporated into national or sectoral legislation. Planning for the implementation of the NDC in cities and provinces must also be extended and reflected in national budgets. The first NAMAs aimed to establish a bus infrastructure for large cities, respectful of the climate. THE CTU`s emissions forecast for Vietnam for 2030 differs from -4% to 6% of the current political projection before COVID-19. The CTU projections are presented as a series to reflect the uncertainty of the effects of the pandemic on Vietnam`s economic growth. In any case, emissions will rise sharply by 2030, with no signs of peaking. The extent of the increase in emissions will depend on a number of factors, including the direction of Vietnam`s political response to COVID-19, given the considerable resources available, while CTU projections are based on a number of GDP forecasts that believe the emission intensity is the same.